Guano is the result of a particular phenomenon. In the past, it was called «the white gold» of South America. With the currents of the Pacific ocean, many small fish come and gather along the Peruvian coast, becoming the main food supply for thousands of sea birds living on the Chincha islands.
The guano, produced through the accumulation of these birds’ excrements, is an extraordinary organic fertilizer. For that reason, in 1845, England and the United States began to exploit it. Today, the Peruvian government still exploits about twenty islands along the country’s coast.
The majority of the harvest workers comes from the same community of the Andes cordillera (Ancash). In order to be able to collect all the guano, these men have to stay on the island for the whole harvest period. Each season, they settle down in a camp on an island nearby.