Unfortunately for the Occident, because their destinies crossed, Stalin, Rosa Luxembourg and Adolf Hitler have moulded Berlin into the capital of pain.
Upon its proclamation on November, 9th 1918, Weimar has known a hazardous existence. The negative reactions were numerous and violent, from the inside as well as from the outside: revolutions (Spartacism), overthrows (W. Kapp, A. Hitler), inflation (1923) and war debts (Treaty of Versailles).
Annihilated by the defeat, those events precipitated Germany into a nightmare that lasted 71 years. Yet the elite, unclear in its analyses and most of the time complicit, has not been able to anticipate the national-socialist hell, nor the communism. Despite the quality of its reflection, the German nation became a laboratory for its own evils.
The first regime, brutal, lasted 12 years (1933-1945) and destroyed the ethical foundations of the occidental civilization. In reaction, the second regime (1949-1989) full of good intentions, wasn’t eventually able to contain its totalitarian impulses. It ruined the socialist utopia in 40 years. This German tragedy has known its epilogue on 9 November 1989, with the fall of the Berlin Wall.
Stéphane Duroy, July 2009